A healthy program of regular exercise should include cardiorespiratory, resistance, flexibility, and neuromotor exercise training beyond activities of daily living. Current recommendations state that most adults should engage in moderate-intensity cardiorespiratory exercise training for at least 30mins per day, 5 days a week, vigorous-intensity cardiorespiratory exercise training for 20 minutes per day, 3 days per week, or a combination of moderate- and vigorous-intensity exercise to achieve a total energy expenditure of 500–1000 MET/min/week.
On 2–3 days per week, adults should also perform resistance exercises for each of the major muscle groups, and neuromotor exercise involving balance, agility, and coordination. Flexibility exercises for each the major muscle–tendon groups (a total of 60 s per exercise) on 2 days per week is recommended.
The exercise program should be modified according to the patient. Those who cannot reach these targets should be encouraged to still engage in smaller amounts, progressively building as they adapt [American College is Sports Medicine, 2011]. All should be encouraged to also simply increase non-specific activity – move more.